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In this lecture ´´Alzheimer’s Disease´´ is explained. Section one is about ´´Introduction´´. A neurological disorder in which the death of brain cells causes memory loss and cognitive decline. Then explanation about its symptoms is given. Elucidation of brain of normal person and person with Alzheimer’s disease is depicted. The difference between dementia and Alzheimer’s disease is also illustrated.
Stages of Alzheimer
Section two is about ‘’Stages of Alzheimer’’. Educator notify that there are 7 stages of Alzheimer’s. Then progression of Alzheimer’s disease is described that how Alzheimer’s develop with time. It is also explained that how mild cognitive impairment leads to severe Alzheimer’s. Description of healthy brain and advanced Alzheimer’s is reported.
Causes and Risk Factors
Section three is about ‘’Causes and Risk Factors’’. Educator started this section by the discussion of plaques sand tangles. Then causes and risk factors of Alzheimer´s disease are explained. In the next slide modifiable factors comes under consideration. By the discussion of factors that increase the risk, this section is concluded.
Section four is about ‘’Brain Areas’’. Educator discusses different brain areas that contribute to the development of Alzheimer’s disease if damaged. These brain areas include hippocampus, hypothalamus, amygdala, cerebellum, frontal lobe, occipital lobe, parietal lobe, corpus callosum, and thalamus. Then it is explained that how diagnosis is carried out. Moreover, other assessments for diagnosis are also discussed. Cognitive assessment is also considered. Questions that are asked to test cognitive ability are also reported. In the last slide genetic testing is explained.
Section five is about ‘’Treatment’’. Earlier in this section discussion continues over the medicines that may be prescribed. Next, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors are discussed. Then memantine is explained that it is used for moderate or severe Alzheimer's disease. After that information about medicines to treat challenging behaviour is conveyed. This include risperidone and antidepressants. Moving onward, explanation continues on treatments that involve therapies and activities. One of the therapy discussed here is cognitive stimulation therapy and cognitive rehabilitation. Reminiscence and life story work is very last dialogue.