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This sqadia.com V learning lecture of physiology emphasizes on anemia and polycythemia. Our educator, Miss Warda Naz has clarified various concepts included under the main heading. First and foremost, anemia and its types along with the blood loss and aplastic anemia has been elaborated. This is followed by an interpretation of the megaloblastic and haemolytic anemia. Additionally, polycythemia, its types together with the effects of both anemia and polycythemia have been discussed expansively.
Anemia and its Types
In this lecture ´´Anemia and Polycythemia´´ are explained. Section one is about ´´Anemia and its Types´´. Initially, educator gives the definition of anemia. In the next slide normal value in blood (normal value of different molecules) is discussed. After that causes of anemia are reported. Subsequently, symptoms of anemia are highlighted. Then the educator comparatively describes normal cells and anemic cells. Lastly, types of anemia are illustrated.
Blood Loss and Aplastic Anemia
Section two is about ‘’Blood Loss and Aplastic Anemia’’. In the first few slides educator explains what is blood loss anemia. Next is the elucidation of aplastic anemia due to bone marrow dysfunction. It includes the discussion of bone marrow aplasia and idiopathic aplastic anemia.
Megaloblastic and Haemolytic Anemia
Section three is about ‘’Megaloblastic and Haemolytic Anemia’’. Educator precisely explains megaloblastic anemia and the causes of megaloblastic anemia. After that haemolytic anemia is pursued. Then hereditary spherocytosis comes under consideration. Next focus is the sickle cell anemia. At last erythroblastosis fetalis is discussed.
Polycythemia and its Types
Section four is about ‘’Polycythemia and its Types’’. At first, definition of polycthemia is given. Next focus is the discussion of secondary polycythemia and its causes. Moreover, physiological polycythemia is elucidated. After that polycythemia vera also known as erythremia is explained. Alongside, its causes are reported.
Effects of Anemia and Polycythemia
Section five is about ‘’Effects of Anemia and Polycythemia’’. Educator’s first theme of discussion is increased cardiac output. Then acute cardiac failure is pursued. Educator reveals information on effect of polycythemia on function of circulatory system. Likewise, effect on arterial pressure is highlighted. Finally, colour of skin is also considered.