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This sqadia.com medical video lecture is all about bacterial infections in children. This lecture comprehensively explains the diseases of bacterial origin such as diphtheria, tetanus, Lyme disease, pyogenic liver abscess, staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome, tularaemia and cat-scratch disease. The aetiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment has also been brought under consideration.
Diphtheria is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Its aetiology and pathogenesis have been discussed in detail. Clinical Presentation in infants demonstrates foul-smelling breath, profuse pus. In tonsillopharyngeal diphtheria, initially, anorexia, malaise, and pharyngitis are seen. Treatment of Diphtheria can be carried out via equine diphtheria antitoxin.
Tetanus and Lyme Disease
In this section, tetanus is discussed initially. It is an acute, spastic paralytic illness also known as lockjaw. Aetiology and pathogenesis are discussed comprehensively in the sqadia.com medical video lecture. No specific laboratory test is conducted for the diagnosis of tetanus. Afterwards, Dr Mahwish Dildar notifies about Lyme disease along with its aetiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment.
Pyogenic Liver Abscess
A pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is a pocket of pus that forms in the liver due to a bacterial infection. non-specific manifestations demonstrate anorexia, fever, nausea. Amongst the specific manifestations, a pyrexia of unknown origin and hepatomegaly is seen. Various techniques are used for diagnosis. Single solitary liver abscess and multiple liver abscesses are treated with the help of percutaneous needle aspiration and antibiotic therapy respectively.
Staphylococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome
Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome is a toxin-mediated acute life-threatening illness. Clinical features seen in children with this syndrome include diffuse macular rash, mucositis, myalgia. For treatment of staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome, antibiotic therapy with an anti-staphylococcal agent is carried out, also eradication of source of toxin production is done.
Tularaemia and Cat-Scratch Disease
This section is in-depth elaboration of tularaemia and cat-scratch disease. Tularaemia is caused by bacterium Francisella tularensis. The causative agent of cat-scratch disease is Bartonella Henselae. Furthermore, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, complications, treatment, prognosis and prevention of both diseases is highlighted by the educator.