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In this lecture ´´Epidemiology and Public Health Microbiology´´ are explained. Section one is about ´´Epidemiology´´. Initially, educator explains epidemiology as a science that evaluates the occurrence, determinants, distribution, and control of health and disease in a defined human population. Then epidemiological methods are discussed. These methods include public health surveillance and remote sensing and geographic information systems.
Frequency of Infectious Diseases
Section two is about ‘’Frequency of Infectious Diseases’’. Educator begins with elucidation of measuring infectious disease frequency. In this regard, prevalence rate and mortality rate are focused. After that patterns of infectious disease in a population are discussed. At last, graphical representation of epidemiological data is given by the educator.
Emerging and Re-emerging Infections
Section three is about ‘’Emerging and Re-emerging Infections’’. Earlier in this section, herd immunity is discussed. Then emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases comes under consideration. Likewise, elucidation of global emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases is given. In the end, health-care-associated infections are highlighted.
Section four is about ‘’Bioterrorism’’. At first, educator explains bioterrorism. Bioterrorism is the intentional or threatened use of viruses, bacteria, fungi, or toxins from living organisms to produce death or disease in humans, animals, and plants. Then bioterrorism preparedness is comprehensively elucidated. Lastly, prevention and control of epidemics is pursued.
Section five is about ‘’Vaccines’’. Educator's prime focus is the explanation of vaccines and immunization. After that vaccines to prevent viral diseases are highlighted. Then information is conveyed about whole-cell vaccines. Subsequently, acellular or subunit vaccines are discussed. Finally, educator talks about recombinant-vector and DNA vaccines.