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In this lecture ´´Hemodynamic Disorders´´ are explained. Section one is about ´´Hemodynamics´´. Educator defines hemodynamics. Then the normal circulation is explained. This is followed by the illustration of heart. Afterwards, pulmonary circulation and systemic circulation is discussed under the process of the normal circulation. Lastly, important terms like edema, hemostasis, hemorrhage, thrombosis, embolism, and infarction are explained.
Disorders of Perfusion
Section two is about ‘’Disorders of Perfusion’’. Educator gives introduction of disorders of perfusion. After that comparative explanation of hyperemia and congestion is given. Then congestion is described in detail on the basis of microscopic examination and morphology. Moreover, hemorrhage is comprehensively elaborated. Lastly, Clinical Significance is reported.
Section three is about ‘’Edema’’. Educator tells that edema is the accumulation of interstitial fluid within tissues. Next focus is its pathophysiology. Then edematous fluid is discussed. Subsequently, causes of edema are pursued in next few slides. In the end, types of edema are reported.
Hemostasis and Thrombosis
Section four is about ‘’Hemostasis and Thrombosis’’. Initially, hemostasis is discussed. After that steps of hemostasis are explained. Then the whole process of hemostasis is presented diagrammatically. This is followed by the elucidation thrombosis. Then information is conveyed on endothelial injury. Moving onward, abnormal blood flow comes under consideration. Following this, hypercoagubility is discussed. Afterwards, causes of thrombosis are reported. Morphology of thrombosis is highlighted later on. Additionally, types of thrombosis are explained in detail. Then fate of thrombus is pursued. Moreover, clinical correlation is presented. Next subject of discussion of this section is disseminated intravascular coagulation. This is followed by embolism. Subsequently, pulmonary embolism is pursued. systemic thromboembolism is also explained by the educator. After that fat embolism is highlighted. Then information is delivered on amniotic fluid embolism. Finally, air embolism is discussed in detail.
Infarction and Shock
Section five is about ‘’Infarction and Shock’’. Earlier in this section infarction is introduced along with its classification and morphology. After that factors of infarction are reported. Then shock is explained. This is followed by types of shock. Moving onward, pathogenesis of shock is illustrated. Then stages of shock comes under consideration. Lastly, its morphology and clinical course is elucidated.