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This sqadia.com medical video lecture made by following the medical book of paediatrics expansively elaborates the bacterial diseases such as meningococcal infections, tuberculosis, tuberculous meningitis and non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections along with the information about their causative agents, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment aspect.
Meningococcal infections are the infections caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis. Our medical specialist explains the aetiology and pathogenesis in detail that how nasopharyngeal colonization gradually leads to decreased cerebral blood flow. Kernig's Sign and Brudzinski's Sign are of clinical importance. Antibiotic therapy and inpatient treatment are used for curing the disease.
Tuberculosis is an infectious bacterial disease characterized by the growth of nodules in the tissues especially in the lungs. Clinical manifestations occur 1–6 months after infection. Diagnosis can be carried out through BACTEC radiometric system, PCR, DNA probes. Treatment modality is also discussed in this section. Vaccination with BCG can play a role in preventing the disease.
In this section information about tuberculous meningitis is delivered. Aetiologically, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an acid-fast bacillus. Change in CSF fluid, PCR tests and CT scans are some of the diagnostic procedure. To know more about tuberculous meningitis and its treatment watch the lecture on sqadia.com paediatrics course.
Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterial Infections
Non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections are the infections caused by the family of mycobacteria which do not cause tuberculosis. Transmission of non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections takes place through inhalation or ingestion or direct contact. Aetiologically three species of non-tuberculous mycobacteria are responsible for causing the disease. Clinical presentation is comprehensively elaborated in the medical video lecture at sqadia.com for the students so they can clearly understand the difference. Diagnosis and treatment are also discussed in detail.