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Natural and Phenetic Classification
In this lecture ´´Microbial Taxonomy´´ is explained. Section one is about ‘‘Natural and Phenetic Classification’’. At first, educator explains taxonomy. After that nomenclature and identification is discussed. Then natural classification is elaborated. In the end, phenetic classification is pursued.
Section two is about ‘’Other Classification’’. Educator begins by discussing phylogenetic classification. Carl Woese and George Fox proposed phylogenetic classification using small subunit (SSU) rRNA nucleotide sequences. After that genotypic classification is highlighted. Following this, bacterial hierarchical arrangement in taxonomy is demonstrated.
Section three is about ''Taxonomic Ranks''. Initially, educator talks about binomial system of Linnaeus in detail. Then discussion continues on microbial taxonomy and phylogeny. Alongside, its characteristics are elaborated.
Section four is about ''Molecular Characteristics''. Earlier in this section, educator elaborates nucleic acid base composition. Next, nucleic acid hybridization is focused. Following this, DNA- DNA hybridization is pursued. Subsequently, information about nucleic acid sequencing is conveyed.
Section five is about ''Genomic Fingerprinting''. At first, introduction of genomic fingerprinting is given. After that ribotyping is demonstrated. Then thorough explanation continues on phylogenetic trees. Moving onward, Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology is covered in detail in this part.