This sqadia.com medical lecture is devoted towards the elucidation of over the counter agents. It covers the criteria to designate a drug as an over the counter drug in addition to their common usage. Furthermore, gastrointestinal drugs and medications employed for alleviating cough have also been elucidated expansively. Towards the end, anti-allergic drugs and analgesics along with other OTC preparations has also been shed light upon.
Criteria and use
This section firstly emphasizes on criteria and use. Over the counter drugs (OTC) are the non-prescription medications which can be traditional herbal medicines or any nutritional supplements. On the contrary, prescription medicines have also been shed light upon. The criteria for the designation of OTC and switching to these OTCs has also been conversed about.
The prime focus of section two is the gastrointestinal drugs. The most commonly used such drugs are the antacids. These include aluminium hydroxide and calcium carbonate, to relieve gastric acidity. Moreover, H2 antagonists (ranitidine, famotidine) and takasidase have also been highlighted. In addition to that, various drugs employed to treat constipation and diarrhea have also been mentioned.
Cough medications are either productive (mucolytics) or non-productive (antitussives). The former category of mucolytics includes guaifenesin and ambroxol. Whereas, dextromethorphan and butamirate are included in the latter category. Each drug has its own contraindications. Antitussives, another category, has also been elaborated comprehensively.
Anti-Allergic and Analgesics
This section focuses upon the anti-allergic and analgesics. Amongst anti-allergic drugs, nasal decongestants and antihistamines have been discussed. The later include H1 antagonists, corticosteroids and beclomethasone. On the other hand, the educator has conversed about analgesics and antipyretics. Paracetamol, acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) along with joint rheumatism OTC preparations have been deliberated.
Other OTC Medications
Other OTC medications include antimycotics which are most commonly utilized. Moreover, some antiseptics and antibiotics are also used. However, some contraceptives like emergency contraceptives (levonorgestrel) have been highlighted. In addition to this, other type of drugs used are the psychoactive OTC preparations including antidepressants and nootropics. In the end, cicorette gum and habitrol patch have been discussed.