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In this lecture ´´Parathyroid Hormones´´ are explained. Section one is about ´´Parathormone´´. First of all, educator tells about the parathyroid glands. Next is the elucidation of chemistry of parathormone. Following this is the biosynthesis of parathormone. After that illustration of mechanism of action is given. Then metabolic role of PTH is discussed in detail. Moreover, parathormone related peptide is highlighted. At last, clinical importance is reported.
Section two is about ‘’Calcitonin’’. Educator defines calcitonin as a calcium regulating hormone that originates from special cells, called “C-cells”, parafollicular cells. After that mechanism of action is comprehensively illustrated. Next is the metabolic role of calcitonin. Then clinical aspect is focused. Lastly, insulin and chemistry of insulin is explained.
Mechanism of Action of Insulin
Section three is about ‘’Mechanism of Action of Insulin’’. Initially, biosynthesis of insulin is discussed. Steps of which are synthesis of pre-proinsulin, conversion of pre-proinsulin to proinsulin, and then conversion of pro-insulin to insulin. Additionally, catabolism of insulin is pursued. Information is conveyed on insulin receptors. At last, mechanism of action of insulin is explained.
Metabolic Role of Insulin
Section four is about ‘’Metabolic Role of Insulin’’. In the very first slide action on carbohydrate metabolism is focused. Next is the action on lipid metabolism. Moving onward, action on protein metabolism comes under consideration. After that action on mineral metabolism, growth and replication is pursued. Educator’s next theme of discussion is the relation of tyrosine kinase activity with growth factors. In the last few slides insulin analogues are discussed.
Glucagon and Somatostatin
Section five is about ‘’Glucagon and Somatostatin’’. At first glucagon is explained. In the next slide synthesis of glucagon is presented. After that metabolic role is illustrated comprehensively. Moreover, somatostatin is discussed along with its chemistry, source, and metabolic role. Lastly, types of somatostatin are reported.