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In this lecture ´´Parkinson’s Disease´´ is explained. Section one is about ´´Introduction´´. Earlier in this section overview of Parkinson’s disease is delivered. This is followed by the explanation of Parkinson’s disease. After that symptoms are discussed. Also, other symptoms that may leads to Parkinson’s disease are reported.
Section two is about ‘’Causes’’. Educator explains the causes and factors causing Parkinson’s disease. Factors may include environment and genes. Other factors are also discussed for example the presence of Lewy bodies and alpha-synuclein. Finally, risk factors are described.
Section three is about ‘’Stages’’. Educator explains the 5 stages of Parkinson’s disease in detail. In stage one, changes in posture, walking and facial expressions occur. In stage two, symptoms start getting worse. Stage three is considered mild stage. Symptoms are severe and limiting in stage four. Stage five is the most advanced and debilitating stage.
Changes in the Brain
Section four is about ‘’Changes in the Brain’’. In Parkinson disease, nerve cells in part of the basal ganglia degenerate. Educator illustrates the location of basal ganglia. Next, healthy brain is explained. Then it is discussed that what happens in Parkinson’s disease. Then diagnosis and tests are carried out. At last, prevention is emphasised.
Section five is about ‘’Treatment’’. In this section medications are first subject of discussion for treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Carbidopa-Levodopa is the most effective Parkinson’s disease medication. Mechanism of action of levodopa is explained. In the next slide dopamine agonists are discussed. MAO-B inhibitors are also used for treatment. After that anticholinergics are discussed. Moreover, surgical procedures are reported. Surgical procedures include deep brain stimulation and pallidotomy. Subsequently, advance treatment, lifestyle changes and other therapies are considered. Finally, educator reveals music or art therapy and pet therapy.