Renal Diseases - II

Paediatrics

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Data 2fimages 2ftrbmpkcgso6sznjj9pya 190417 s0 dildar mahwish renal diseases ii intro
02:45
Renal Diseases - II
Data 2fimages 2fk8vhadjjqqsnqzyzxyug 190417 s1 dildar mahwish renovascular hypertension
10:44
Renovascular Hypertension
Data 2fimages 2fftntaefvqn2yqt07nboy 190417 s2 dildar mahwish acute kidney injury
13:41
Acute Kidney Injury
Data 2fimages 2fazhevkaorzktpntlspbr 190417 s3 dildar mahwish chronic kidney injury
11:58
Chronic Kidney Injury
Data 2fimages 2fxxjkqh4rqeopwv0lxif9 190417 s4 dildar mahwish renal syndromes
11:13
Renal Syndromes
Data 2fimages 2ffe2wi5zs1if1rbif9ql8 190417 s5 dildar mahwish nephrotic syndrome
15:21
Nephrotic Syndrome

Lecture´s Description

The lecture Renal Diseases - II is the continuation of Renal Diseases – I in which cystic kidney disease, congenital anomalies of kidney, glomerulonephritis, and IgA vasculitis were the topics of discussion. Now, in this sqadia.com medical V-learning lecture, Dr. Mahwish Dildar aims to elaborate renovascular hypertension, acute and chronic kidney injury, haemolytic uremic syndrome, and congenital nephrotic syndrome along with their aetiology, diagnosis and treatment aspect.

Renovascular Hypertension

Renovascular hypertension can be due to fibromuscular dysplasia. Then certain etiological factors are explained such as renal causes, drugs, neurologic causes. History, BP readings, and fundoscopic examination are some basic considerations to keep in mind. Symptoms include headache, lethargy, cardiac failure. Investigation and management approach is also elaborated along with hypertensive crisis.

Acute Kidney Injury

Dr. Mahwish Dildar explains acute kidney injury as a sudden decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with urine output less than 0.5 ml/kg/h. Aetiology and pathogenesis of pre-renal, renal, and post-renal obstruction are pursued later on. Signs of collapse, uremia, and fluid overload are the clinical features of acute kidney injury. Information about fluid therapy is also given.

Chronic Kidney Injury

In this section, the educator highlights the factors aggravating pre-existing renal failure. Stages, causes, pathogenesis, and clinical features are pursued comprehensively. Treatment of end-stage renal disease is discussed which is the renal transplantation. Peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis are the types of dialysis discussed here along with indications for dialysis.

Renal Syndromes

Haemolytic uremic syndrome is the commonest causes of AKI in childhood. Calcineurin inhibitors, antiplatelet agents are the aeiological factors. Renal Fanconi Syndrome is a rare disorder of kidney tubule function that results in excess amounts of glucose, bicarbonate, phosphates. Moreover, their causes, diagnosis, and treatment modality are also deliberated in this section.

Nephrotic Syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome is the combination of nephrotic-range proteinuria with a low serum albumin level and edema. It is the commonest chronic glomerular disease in children. The medical practitioner also talks about the disease pathology in detail. In congenital nephrotic syndrome, alpha-fetoprotein level is increased in amniotic fluid and maternal blood.

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