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Data 2fimages 2fwgivvj0rjeupx620hhre 190319 s0 mushtaq saima airway management intro
Airway Management
Data 2fimages 2fteczgch1t1uwh2mybkjz 190319 s1 mushtaq saima tracheostomy
Data 2fimages 2fbjshaajgszkyk4b9y9mj 190319 s2 mushtaq saima types of tracheostomy
Types of Tracheostomy
Data 2fimages 2fhifuvfxfrge3azncuqzx 190319 s3 mushtaq saima permanent tracheostomy
Permanent Tracheostomy
Data 2fimages 2fz7qnchgyqnmwxy8b05m5 190319 s4 mushtaq saima postoperative care
Postoperative Care
Data 2fimages 2fmfxvvnqhsdqwlkyxbwdm 190319 s5 mushtaq saima emergency procedures
Emergency Procedures

Lecture´s Description

This medical video lecture is all about airway management. Primarily, a procedure known as tracheostomy is discussed along with types of tracheostomy. After that permanent tracheostomy including high tracheostomy, mid tracheostomy, and low tracheostomy comes under consideration. Next is the postoperative care. Lastly, number of emergency procedures are illuminated such as laryngeal mask airway, transtracheal jet ventilation and laryngotomy.


Tracheostomy is a procedure making an opening in anterior wall of trachea and converting it into stoma on skin surface. Functions of tracheostomy include protection to airways and provides alternative pathway for breathing. Three main indications of tracheostomy are respiratory obstruction, retained secretions, and respiratory insufficiency.

Types of Tracheostomy

Emergency Tracheostomy is employed when airway obstruction is complete or almost complete. Elective tracheostomy is a planned and unhurried procedure. All operative surgical facilities are available. Among the types of elective tracheostomy, therapeutic elective tracheostomy is used to relieve respiratory obstruction and prophylactic elective tracheostomy guard against anticipated obstruction.

Permanent Tracheostomy

Permanent tracheostomy is required for cases of bilateral abductor paralysis and laryngeal stenosis. Then information of high tracheostomy, mid tracheostomy, and low tracheostomy is given by Dr. Saima Mushtaq. Then discussion continues on technique that how it could be done, what is the position for carrying out this procedure. Steps of operation are comprehensively elaborated.

Postoperative Care

In postoperative care, constant supervision, suction, prevention of crusting and tracheitis, and care of tracheostomy tube is considered. Dr. Saima Mushtaq then talks about decannulation in detail. Also, decannulation in infant or young child is explained along with failure of decannulation. Immediate, intermediate, and late complications are pursued.

Emergency Procedures

Jaw thrust, oropharyngeal airway, nasopharyngeal airway, and endotracheal incubation are procedures for immediate airway management. Laryngeal mask airway is used for nonemergent airway control. Transtracheal jet ventilation is an invasive procedure. Some other procedures discussed in this section are cricothyrotomy or laryngotomy, mini tracheostomy, cricothyroid needle puncture, emergency tracheostomy, and percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy. Subsequently, their advantages, contraindications and complications are highlighted.

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