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Dr. Hina Khan has discussed some of the disorders of childhood and adolescence in her previous sqadia.com medical video lecture. This V-learning lecture is the continuation of childhood disorders. Here, classification of emotional disorders is given. Secure and unsecure attachment disorders are elaborated. After that, reactive attachment disorder and separation anxiety is highlighted along with DSM IV TR. Conclusively, school refusal is comprehensively explained.
Emotional disorders are illnesses that effect a persons thought behaviour and feelings. Possible causes of emotional disorders include disease, drugs, alcohol, and accidental brain injuries. This is followed by classification of emotional disorders. After that, Dr. Hina Khan talks about the report of US department of education regarding prevalence of emotional disorders.
At first, concept of attachment is given. Then role of primary caregiver is considered. After that some characteristics of unsecure attachment are described along with ambivalent attachment. In avoidant behaviour, child tends to avoid primary caregivers. Next, disorganized attachment is pursued which is a combination of ambivalent and avoidant behaviour.
Reactive Attachment Disorder
Reactive attachment disorder is a marked disturbance in social relatedness as evidenced by persistant failure to respond to most social interactions. Treatment of reactive attachment disorder can be attachment based or trauma informed which include the use of several therapies. After that DSM 5 Criteria for RAD is discussed. Likewise, educator tells that placement of a child with RAD is tough.
Separation anxiety is a specific psychological condition in which the child has excessive anxiety regarding separation from home. Associated features of separation anxiety include bedwetting, nightmares, feeling that something bad is going to happen. Subsequently, Dr. Hina Khan elaborates DSM IV TR. Its etiology and treatment is also discussed respectively.
School refusal is a disorder of childhood, however, during adolescence it peaks again due to certain reasons discussed in this medical lecture. Usually child complains of headaches and abdominal pain as a reason for school refusal. Medical practitioner explains the management approach including relaxation technique to avoid school refusal. Later on, prognosis is reported.