Your browser is too old
We can't provide a great video experience on old browserUpdate now
This sqadia.com medical video lecture encompasses elbow fractures. Initially capitellum fracture and olecranon fracture are delineated. Likewise, simple elbow dislocation and elbow fracture in child comes under consideration. Furthermore, orthopaedic surgeon Dr. Hammad Haider talks about supracondylar fractures in children.
A rare articular fracture that is usually more extensive than it initially appears is referred as capitellum fracture. Lateral X-ray view illustrates that capitellum is displaced. CT scan is another imaging modality helpful in diagnosis. Then educator comprehensively talks about treatment aspect of fractures.
Olecranon fractures are divided into simple transverse fracture and comminuted fracture. Fractures of the olecranon always enters elbow joint and may damage articular cartilage. Following this, clinical features are highlighted along with the treatment. Stiffness, ulnar nerve symptoms, and osteoarthritis are the complications of olecranon fracture.
Simple Elbow Dislocation
Simple dislocation of the elbow is classiﬁed according to the direction of displacement. Then information about anatomy is given. Mechanism of injury and pathology is pursued later on. Patient presents clinical features such as severe swelling and deformity. Moving onward, X-ray examination and treatment is also conversed about.
Elbow Fracture in Child
Fractures around the elbow in children are mainly supracondylar fractures. Mechanism of injury and pathology illustrates that it falls directly on point of elbow. Secondary ossiﬁc centres can be seen on X-ray. Proceeding further, orthopaedic surgeon uses a mnemonic i.e. CRITOL to explain the average ages at which ossiﬁc centres appear.
Supracondylar Fractures in Children
Posterior angulation or displacement and humerus breaks are discussed under the heading of mechanism of injury in this section. Classification of supracondylar fractures into four types is given. Type I is categorized as undisplaced fractures and Type IIA corresponds to posteriorly angulated fractures-mild. Moreover, open reduction and continuous traction is pursued.