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An educational video on facial nerve and disorders. From highlighting the anatomy and functions to an explanation of electrodiagnostic tests, every concept has been thoroughly explained. Following this, causes of facial paralysis has been distinctly mentioned. Moreover, localization of facial lesion along with the hyperkinetic disorders and surgery has been brought under discussion.
Anatomy and Functions
The educator gives a comprehensive introduction of facial nerve and explains its wide range of Functions. Following this, a thorough elucidation of the course of facial nerve, branches of facial nerve alongside the blood supply of facial nerve is provided. Then surgical landmarks of facial nerve, parotid surgery together with variation and anomalies of facial nerves are explained. The educator concludes this section by bringing to light structure of nerve and severity of nerve injury.
Section two refers to the topic of electrodiagnostic tests. The educator gives a thorough overview of electrodiagnostic tests in the beginning. After this, the educator highlights different kinds of electrodiagnostic tests used for this purpose. These tests include minimal nerve excitability test, maximal stimulation test (MST), electroneuronography, and electromyography (EMG).
Causes of Facial Paralysis
The educator starts off by presenting a comprehensive overview of causes of facial paralysis, belly palsy and its aetiology. Apart from this, the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of facial paralysis is discussed. Light is also shed on the medical management, surgical treatment, and prognosis of this disease. Moreover, Melkersson syndrome, infections and trauma along with the ear or mastoid surgery is explicated. In the end, parotid surgery and trauma to face and neoplasm is reported.
Localization of Facial Lesion
Section four accommodates the explanation of localization of facial lesion. After a thorough elucidation of localization of facial lesion, the educator discusses peripheral facial paralysis and topodiagnostic tests for lesions in intratemporal part. In addition to this, complications following facial paralysis are highlighted.
Hyperkinetic Disorders and Surgery
In section five, the educator sheds light on hyperkinetic disorders and surgery. The educator brings under consideration various hyperkinetic disorders of facial nerve hyperkinetic disorders of facial nerves such as hemifacial spasm and blepharospasm. After this, the different surgical procedure employed in the case of hyperkinetic disorders are highlighted. These procedures include decompression, end to end anastomosis, nerve graft (cable graft), hypoglossal facial anastomosis, and plastic procedures.