Intellectual Disability

Psychiatry

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Data 2fimages 2fkdo8wbpitwihlyhxmoqt 190409 s0 khan hina intellectual disability intro
03:05
Intellectual Disability
Data 2fimages 2fh1x3hrmetfksnodvvo85 190409 s1 khan hina mental retardation
08:49
Mental Retardation
Data 2fimages 2fagbe5awfsw21ljbtsfuy 190409 s2 khan hina impaired intellectual functioning
08:54
Impaired Intellectual Functioning
Data 2fimages 2f25oubwz8s8wy6tenixg1 190409 s3 khan hina categories of mental retardation
09:04
Categories of Mental Retardation
Data 2fimages 2f3naj8ujreo4jpwjcvwiw 190409 s4 khan hina clinical features
10:29
Clinical Features
Data 2fimages 2fjxpybjhnsh6t89vwftou 190409 s5 khan hina management
08:06
Management

Lecture´s Description

Intellectual disability is explicated in this sqadia.com medical V-learning lecture. All the aspects regarding this topic are discussed in this lecture encompassing medical definition and causes of impaired intellectual functioning. Additionally, categories of mental retardation and how to measure the severity of intellectual disability are elucidated. Conclusively, clinical features of ID and several other genetic syndromes along with management aspect are elaborated.

Mental Retardation

At first, epidemiology is discussed. Approximately 2%of population in UK is suffering from intellectual disability. It is a condition of arrested and incomplete development of mind. Then, Dr. Hina Khan elaborates that how severity of intellectual disability is measured along with explication of adaptive functioning.

Impaired Intellectual Functioning

Causes of impaired intellectual functioning can be intrauterine, perinatal, or early life infection injury poisoning. Some genetic abnormalities participating in this disorder are Downs syndrome, fragile X syndrome, point mutations, deletions and duplications. Furthermore, risk factors of genetic, intrauterine, and perinatal causes are delineated.

Categories of Mental Retardation

In this section, Dr. Hina Khan focuses to elaborate in detail the measurement of severity of intellectual disability. Firstly, mild IQ 50-69 is discussed. Following this, moderate IQ range 35-49 is considered which corresponds to the mental age 6-9 years. Likewise, discussion continues on severe IQ in which mental age is 3-6 years. In addition to this, profound ID is also deliberated.

Clinical Features

Medical practitioner at sqadia.com tells that mild ID are usually never diagnosed. Then, clinical features of Downs syndrome are highlighted. Autistic spectrum disorders along with Prader Willi Syndrome are considered later on. Moreover, information is given about fragile X syndrome which is the commonest inherited cause of intellectual disability.

Management

Physical comorbidities and psychiatric comorbidities are presented initially. Common issues in management are also reported in this section. Next, aspects of clinical assessment are discussed. Communication with ID patients is quite tricky and, in this section, it is elaborated that how to communicate with ID patients for its management. Collateral history and health care facilities are discussed later on.

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