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Quite an interesting topic has been discussed in this sqadia.com V learning lecture and that is laparoscopic and robotic surgery. Starting off with an elaboration on the minimal access surgery, robotic surgery along with the preoperative and intraoperative principles have been explicated. In addition to this, preoperative and operative problems, postoperative care and principles of electrosurgery during laparoscopic procedure has been explained quite comprehensively.
Minimal Access Surgery
Initially, minimal access surgery has been defined. This is followed by a discussion on its principles, laparoscopy and thoracoscopy. Furthermore, endoluminal endoscopy along with the perivisceral endoscopy, arthroscopy and intra-articular joint surgery has been thoroughly explicated. Conclusively, combined approach alongside the advantages and limitations of minimal access surgery has been explained.
Primarily, robotic surgery has been illustrated. Subsequently, teleoperated and image-guided systems have been comprehensively shed light on. In the end, certain applications along with the advantages and disadvantages of minimal access surgery have been delineated. The former is based upon post-surgery and in-surgery.
Preoperative and Intraoperative Principles
In the beginning of this section, pre-operative evaluation has been elaborated. Moving ahead, general intraoperative principles including the creation of pneumoperitoneum via open and closed method has been meticulously explained. These procedures are separately discussed. Moreover, a third method which is an open technique has been expounded.
Preoperative and Operative Problems
The educator started off by conversing about the previous abdominal surgery, obesity and intraoperative perforation of a viscus. Furthermore, certain operative problems and bleeding has been highlighted. Bleeding from major vessel, trocar site and evacuation of blood clots has been thoroughly brought under discussion.
Firstly, principles of electrosurgery during laparoscopic surgery has been considered. Following this, postoperative care, skin sutures along with the single incision laparoscopic surgery has been delineated. In the end, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery has been elaborated.