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Data 2fimages 2fwyudtkqqrwetkqnayfrw 181107 s0 haidar hammad osteonecrosis intro
Data 2fimages 2fp7qgcdr5ohd1oppo0h4a 181107 s1 haidar hammad general aspects
General Aspects
Data 2fimages 2fkdanne1rcqzxvwupdx9u 181107 s2 haidar hammad etiology and pathogenesis
Etiology and Pathogenesis
Data 2fimages 2f3ps7i6bstwyz193hpipz 181107 s3 haidar hammad clinical features
Clinical Features
Data 2fimages 2ff8dekefxt3wiugzqivxm 181107 s4 haidar hammad treatment guidelines
Treatment Guidelines
Data 2fimages 2fyofeszkvrxgg9tkuemml 181107 s5 haidar hammad surgical treatment
Surgical Treatment

Lecture´s Description

General Aspects

This lecture delivers extensive information about the topic Osteonecrosis. Section one is about General Aspects of osteonecrosis. In the beginning, the educator talks about the sites susceptible to ischemic necrosis and demonstrates osteonecrosis at different sites. He further discusses the initiation of avascular necrosis (AVN) and elaborates the process of osteonecrosis in detail. The incidence and demographics of the disease were then mentioned. In the end, the risk factors of hip joint were elucidated.

Etiology and Pathogenesis

Section two is dedicated to the discussion of Etiology and Pathogenesis. Traumatic osteonecrosis is focused in the start of this section. The educator then reports the etiology of non-traumatic osteonecrosis. After that, traumatic avascular necrosis becomes the subject of discussion, which is further demonstrated in femur and scaphoid. Non-traumatic osteonecrosis and its pathological sequence then comes into consideration. Moving forward towards the end, the educator draws a comparison between a normal head and an osteonecrotic head.

Clinical Features

 Section three is about the Clinical manifestations of the disease. Initially, the symptoms of osteonecrosis are mentioned. The examination of an osteonecrotic patient is then demonstrated. The educator also comments on the advanced hip osteonecrosis and X Ray of AVN hip which shows a crescent sign. Subsequently, the investigations and imaging techniques and radiographic investigations are pursued. This disease is further explored in detail by demonstrating the MRI images showing osteonecrosis, hip AVN and AVN of head of femur.  Lastly, the investigations of this conditions were highlighted.

Treatment Guidelines

Section four deals with the Treatment Guidelines. Firstly, the educator gives an overview regarding the staging of disease. After that, the Steinberg classification system and Arco staging are introduced. Treatment of osteonecrosis is also discussed in this section. Early, intermediate and late osteonecrosis is elucidated in the end.

Surgical Treatment

Section five imparts detailed information about Surgical Treatment. First of all, the core decompression with graft is explained. The educator then differentiates between the trap door technique and light bulb technique. Next comes the vascularized fibular graft, which is followed by hip resurfacing and partial replacement. In the end of this lecture, core decompression without graft is comprehensively discussed.

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